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Literature and Writing

Austrian Literature

Gustav Meyrink, Max Brod, Franz Werfel, Walther von der Vogelweide, Habsburg empire

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>  18th and 19th Centuries

>  20th-Century Drama

>  20th-Century Fiction and Poetry

>  Post-World War II Literature

Austrian Literature, literature written in German from the 16th century to the present by authors of Austrian nationality and of distinguishable Austrian national consciousness. Although the unknown author of the medieval Nibelungenlied and the greatest German minnesinger, Walther von der Vogelweide, were both Austrian, an Austrian culture distinct from that of Germany developed only after the Counter Reformation, when in the 16th century Roman Catholic Austria and Protestant Germany were separated. As Spain and Italy were at times part of the Habsburg empire, Austrian literature was influenced by both Spanish drama and Italian opera.

The Prague Authors

Austrian literature is essentially that of Vienna and the Alpine hinterlands that today form Austria. Certain writers of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Gustav Meyrink and Paul Kornfeld, and Franz Kafka, Max Brod, and Franz Werfel, who lived in Prague and wrote in German, are sometimes classified as Austrian. Although they lived in the empire, the Prague authors did not share the Austrian national consciousness; their affinity with German literature was greater.

Article key phrases:

Gustav Meyrink, Max Brod, Franz Werfel, Walther von der Vogelweide, Habsburg empire, Spanish drama, Franz Kafka, Counter Reformation, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Italian opera, German literature, affinity, Vienna, Italy, Spain, times, present

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