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Canadian Architecture

Canadian Architecture, human comfort, forebears, building ideas, prehistoric times

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Canadian Architecture, buildings and building practices of the inhabitants of what is now known as Canada, from prehistoric times to the present. Canadians and their forebears on the land have devised varied and often ingenious architecture in response to some of the most daunting climatic conditions on Earth, including extreme cold. Key characteristics of this architecture include the use of building technology to further human comfort, an openness to styles and building ideas borrowed from other peoples, and a desire to express shared values and the people’s relationship to their often inhospitable northern land.

From early European settlements of the 1600s until the late 19th century, Canadian architecture reflected the building styles fashionable in France and Great Britain. In the 20th century American architecture has been the dominant outside influence on Canadian architecture.


Crossman, Kelly, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Art History, Carleton University. Author of "Architecture in Transition: From Art to Practice 1885-1906".

Article key phrases:

Canadian Architecture, human comfort, forebears, building ideas, prehistoric times, shared values, extreme cold, openness, Great Britain, France, Earth, people, Canada, present, response, relationship, influence, buildings, styles

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